BORN : 9 JAN 1922
Raipur, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
RESIDENCE : USA
NATIONALITY : INDO-AMERICAN
FIELDS : MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
In 1945 Khorona went to Manchester University and obtained Ph.D.After three years later he came to India, he couldn't get job.Again he went back to England.There,his research yielded fruitful results.In 1959, he succeeded in isolating a substance called "Coenzyme A" which is an essential product in body metabolism.After nine years he awarded noble prize at age of 46(1968) in Physiology and Medicine for his research.
He was awarded Padma Bhusan,on his visit to India on 1969 and conferred Honoary Degree of D.Sc by The Punjab University , Chandigarh. he worked as a Biology and Chemistry professor in Massachusetts Institute of technology in 1970.His work on "Genetic code" was acclaimed world-wide.He synthesized "Artificial Gene".A gene is a biologic unit of genetic material and inheritance.The gene is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in all living organisms,in few viruses ridonucleic acid (RNA) is the genetic material. Gene manipulation and gene transfer methods come under Transgenic technology.
Awards: 1.Nobel prize in Medicine - 1968
2.Foundation International Award.
3.Louisa gross Horwitz prize.
4.Albert lasker award for basic medical research.
5.Padma Bhusan by India -1969.